THE SIX HAZARDS OF USING ANTIBIOTICS HAPHAZARDLY!
Haphazardly used antibiotics are not only lacking in benefit but can even lead to some serious health conditions. For example; they can cause kidney or liver failure!
Turkey is in first place in Europe for amount of antibiotics per capita. 35% of the total pharmaceutical expenditures in our country are comprised of antibiotics. The reasons for this stem from a lack of awareness in the past about the uncontrolled use of antibiotics and easy access to pharmaceuticals. Antibiotics are a group of pharmaceuticals that are successful in the treatment of bacterial infections. But this is only true when they are used when deemed appropriate and the right dose as recommended by your doctor. Otherwise antibiotics can be ineffective and even cause more serious health problems. Acibadem International Hospital Internal Diseases Specialist Dr. Özkan Uysal explained the six serious health problems caused by the arbitrary use of antibiotics.
Antibiotics must be used by doctor recommendation
Internal Diseases Specialist Dr. Özkan Uysal emphasized that antibiotics must definitely be used by doctor recommendation. “Antibiotics are any a type of medicine that patients should be using on their own” said Dr. Özkan Uysal and continued: “Antibiotics are not in the group of ‘fever reducer, pain reliever, malaise reliever” medications. Fevers can be the indication of an infection in the body. But not only are all fevers not a sign of infection, every infection may not be a bacterial infection”
Resistance to antibiotics can create deadly results
One of the important problems caused by haphazard antibiotic use is the bacteria developing a resistance to that antibiotic. “An antibiotic losing the ability to kill a bacteria or stop it from reproducing means that the bacteria has developed resistance against that antibiotic” Dr. Özkan Uysal pointed out and warned that this situation could lead to the illness lasting longer or even becoming deadly. Also infections caused by resistant bacteria may require more expensive antibiotics with more severe side effects to be used.
The six major problems caused by arbitrary antibiotic use
Internal Diseases Specialist Dr. Özkan Uysal said “It should be known that antibiotics are not innocent drugs and they can have side effects when used incorrectly” and listed the problems caused by random antibiotic use as follows:
- They can cause serious allergic reactions: While these allergic reactions can be light itching or peeling of skins, they can also be serious enough to result in death.
- Liver functions can be deteriorated: Blood tests called liver function tests can be conducted to track these side effects. Patients with underlying Liver Disease should avoid antibiotics that are metabolized in the liver.
- Kidney failure can happen: Antibiotics can have a toxic effect on kidneys and trigger organ failure. At least 5 percent of all acute kidney failure cases are caused by the medications people use.
- They can cause antibiotic related diarrhea: There are normally over 400 types of bacteria in the intestines and these do not cause diseases but are actually beneficial bacteria. The use of antibiotics can cause the bacteria in this normal flora to die, thus creating the ground work for opportunist bacteria to reproduce leading to diarrhea. In fact a bloody diarrhea imitating dysentery can develop.
- They can cause obesity: Recent research shows that obesity is seen more commonly in patients who used frequent antibiotics in their infant and child years.
- They can damage the intestine system: Among the other digestive system side effects, other than diarrhea that are observed are nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.
Beware of these when using antibiotics!
- If they have not been recommended by your doctor do not use antibiotics arbitrarily. For example, antibiotics are not effect against viral illnesses like colds and flu.
- Do not use medicine just because an acquaintance with the same symptom had success using that medicine.
- Use the full dose within the time period recommended by your doctor. In other words do not use the medication longer than your doctor has recommended and do not stop using it if you feel better. Interrupting the treatment or skipping a dose will allow the bacteria to show resistance. This will result in the treatment being unsuccessful and the illness can recur.