The four important signs of lymphoma.
If swelling on your neck, underarms and groin occurs despite not having any kind of infection, and continues to grow bigger, beware… Swollen glands that can be felt with the hand and are over 2 centimeter can be indications of lymph node tumors. In this situation, it is important to go directly to a hematology specialist without panicking because lymphoma is a treatable disease. Chief of the Acibadem University Bone Marrow Transplant Center and Acibadem Kozyatağı Hospital Hematology Specialist Prof. Dr. Siret Ratip explained that the earlier the condition is detected, the better the chances are of treatment, and provided information about the types and treatments of the disease.
“There are more people who come to be checked than people who actually have lymphoma”
The lymph nodes are some of the most important defense mechanisms of the body. The thousands of lymph nodes in our body are an important part of the immune system that helps us resist infections and illnesses. During infections lymph nodes become enlarged. When the illness ends they return to their original size. This is an indication of a very normal mechanism. Lymphoma is a malignant tumor of the lymph nodes. However, many people go to the doctor thinking that the swelling in their neck during an ear, nose and throat infection is lymphoma. Prof. Dr. Siret Ratip, who pointed out that “more people who are not really sick with this condition come to the doctor than people who actually are sick” and explained the following symptoms.
THE MOST IMPORTANT SYMPTOMS OF LYMPHOMA
1- Swelling in the lymph nodes that does not go away and continues to grow
Swelling that occurs especially in the neck, underarm and groin regions without any kind of infection and continues to grow, mostly without pain.
2- Involuntary and rapid weight loss
Losing 10 percent of your normal weight in a period like 6 months without being on any kind of diet etc. can be a symptom.
3- Night perspiration
Especially in warm weather, it is normal to have night perspiration. But the night perspiration that is a symptom of lymphoma can make people feel the need to change their pajamas and their sheets.
4- High fever
A fever that develops without a specific reason and is not related to any kind of infection.
Radiation and chemical substances can be the cause
In most lymph tumors that can develop wherever blood reaches, there is no underlying cause. But a small portion of lymphoma cases are related to previous radiotherapy exposure, substances containing chemicals like benzene and viral infections. In a large number of cases, a coincidental break in the genes that are responsible for the activity in the lymph node is detected. The cells there become independent, reproduce and spread to other lymph nodes.
There are many types of the disease
While Lymphomas are generally either Hodgkin’s or Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas there are numerous types of Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas. The Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas can also move in three different ways depending on their type of being spread. In one of these types, the disease grows quickly and progresses very rapidly. The patient may have to go to the hospital very urgently. Another type progresses at medium speed over months and weeks. Another type progresses more slowly and in fact may not need to be treated throughout the lifetime. Numerous kinds of lymphomas can be detected within the three main groups. Therefore, these examinations need to be done in great detail.
Prof. Dr. Siret Ratip:
“Treatment is possible through chemotherapy and stem cell transplant!”
Chemotherapy and stem cell transplant treatments are used in the treatment of lymphoma. While treatment methods vary according to type, lymphoma is a treatable disease. However, as in all diseases, early detection is critical in treating lymphoma. The chance to have five years of healthy living in stage 1 and stage 2 of Hodgkin’s lymphoma is 80 percent, and in stages 3 and 4 this percentage is around 60. The rate of survival in Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma varies depending on the time, and around 60 percent recover completely. Around 30 percent of patients who do not respond to treatment are able to recover with high doses of chemotherapy and transplanting stem cells collected from the patient. Also many new medications that have been developed in the past 10 years are expected to have promising results for treatment.