How is ALS identified and treated?

als“Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis” (ALS) is a progressive neurological disease. It is generally diagnosed in the 50s. A full physical examination and the person’s medical history are necessary to diagnose ALS. Some laboratory tests and radiological tests are done to confirm the diagnosis.

  • EMG test
  • Blood test
  • Cerebrospinal fluid examination
  • MR

The following devices and equipment are used for treatment in ALS:

  • Medications to treat painful muscle cramps, excessive salivation and other symptoms.
  • Physical therapy to maintain the patient’s mobility and relieve muscle rigidity, cramps and water retention.
  • When swallowing becomes a problem; good nutrition, encouragement and other options for nutrition.
  • Speech therapy and communication training to maintain as many communication skills as possible. There are techniques in communication training other than verbal.
  • Devices that help in daily activities like dressing, eating, going to the toilet and taking baths.
  • Wheelchairs, air cushions, mattresses and equipment to aid individual movement.