How is ALS identified and treated?
“Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis” (ALS) is a progressive neurological disease. It is generally diagnosed in the 50s. A full physical examination and the person’s medical history are necessary to diagnose ALS. Some laboratory tests and radiological tests are done to confirm the diagnosis.
- EMG test
- Blood test
- Cerebrospinal fluid examination
The following devices and equipment are used for treatment in ALS:
- Medications to treat painful muscle cramps, excessive salivation and other symptoms.
- Physical therapy to maintain the patient’s mobility and relieve muscle rigidity, cramps and water retention.
- When swallowing becomes a problem; good nutrition, encouragement and other options for nutrition.
- Speech therapy and communication training to maintain as many communication skills as possible. There are techniques in communication training other than verbal.
- Devices that help in daily activities like dressing, eating, going to the toilet and taking baths.
- Wheelchairs, air cushions, mattresses and equipment to aid individual movement.