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Electrical pollution, genetically modified foods, and many more…

Leukemia, which particularly threatens the health of children between the ages 2 and 5 and is commonly referred to as blood cancer, can be caused by environmental factors as well as certain congenital and hereditary diseases. Factors such as the electromagnetic pollution that arises from the use of electronics, which increases in parallel with the developments in technology, the additives used for preserving foods and giving them long shelf lives, the chemical and physical processes applied for manufacturing of vegetable and animal products and the continuous use of certain cosmetics such as shampoos and body creams can also pose a risk for cancer in children! Professor İnci Ayan, a pediatrics and pediatric hematology and oncology specialist at Acıbadem Maslak Hospital, informed us on the dangers in question and gave some very important advice and warnings with the interview we had for the International Week for Children with Leukemia.

What you assume to be the results of mischief can be signs of leukemia!

lasemi7With a 30% rate of incidence, leukemia is the most frequently encountered childhood cancer. Early detection in this disease which manifests itself through certain signals can save lives. However, the most critical issue that hinders early detection of leukemia is the fact that parents fail to recognize the signs of leukemia due to thinking that these are caused by the mischievousness and energetic nature of their child. Particularly in highly active children, the bruises in the legs are attributed to accidents and the severe pain the back and legs are assumed to be due to mischief; the fact that these might be signs of leukemia does not come to mind. In reality, parents should observe their child well, be aware of the signs of the disease that may appear in their children and dismiss such signs as being results of mischief.

Pediatrics and Pediatric Hematology and Oncology Specialist Professor İnci Ayan of Acıbadem Maslak Hospital states that leukemia, which can occur at people of any age with the inclusion of newborns and adolescents, threatens the health of children between the ages of 2 and 5 in particular. Professor Ayan says, “Childhood cancers are treatable diseases. However, early diagnosis is essential for this. The developments in technology and medicine in the recent years have raised the chance of recovery by a great deal through early diagnosis and suitable treatments. Parents should keep their children under observation and apply to a doctor without any delay when they recognize certain signs”.

 

Beware of bruises on the knees and pain in the legs!

The prokaryotic cells that reproduce in the bone marrow and spread to the whole body prevent healthy cells from developing and lead to symptoms such as anemia, immune deficiency and susceptibility to bleed. Professor İnci Ayan underlines that, in particular, the signs of leukemia include bruises that appear on the knees without any trauma, as well as severe back and leg pain, frequent high fever, nosebleeds and gingival bleeding, fatigue, paleness and weakness, swelling –usually pain-free- in the lymph nodes in the neck, armpits and/or the inguinal region, and long coughing fits which cause shortness of breath.

losemi2Electrical pollution, genetically modified foods, and many more…

Childhood leukemia can be caused by environmental factors as well as certain congenital and hereditary diseases. Many factors, ranging between genetically modified foods and the electromagnetic pollution arising from the use of electronics, which increases in parallel with the developments in technology and has become indispensable in the modern era, can be said to be among the dangers that lead to leukemia. The additives used for preserving foods and giving them long shelf lives, the chemical and physical processes applied for manufacturing of vegetable and animal products, the continuous use of certain cosmetics such as shampoos and body creams, the habit to smoke in the presence of children, certain viruses and parents who work in the heavy metal industry also pose a risk.

High chance of recovery with early detection

losemi1Professor İnci Ayan states that childhood cancers are diseases that are treatable in these modern times and that the rate of recovery can be as high as 70% with early diagnosis and suitable treatments. Professor Ayan says, “In cases of acute leukemia, which is the most frequently encountered type, the ratio of treatability ranges between 45% and 85%, depending on the type of cells and the risk group of the disease. It should be noted that, at present, this rate is never 100% for any disease, not even for pneumonia or diarrhea.

In Turkey, the diagnosis and treatment models that have been prepared as per national and international standards in the pediatric oncology departments of fully-equipped hospitals make it possible for the highest possible rate of treatability to be achieved”. Stating that the primary method of treatment in childhood leukemia is drug therapy (chemotherapy) and that the blood and blood products administered in addition to chemotherapy, as well as the antimicrobial therapy which provides protection and treatment when necessary and the support therapies that improve morale and mental health also increase the rate of success, Professor İnci Ayan says, “The ongoing research leads to development of new goal-directed treatment models as the molecular genetic properties of leukemia cells are revealed. Currently, patients can recover their health with a treatment that lasts 2 or 3 years, depending on the type of leukemia and risk group. Some of the patients that do not respond to the initial treatment or cases in which the disease relapses despite good response to treatment at the first time also have a chance for recovery”.